Thursday, September 25, 2014

The Geography of Poverty and Migration

At Pacific Standard magazine, the people who most need to move tend to stay put.

Theme: Relationship between geographic mobility and poverty.

Subject Article: "Why People Move:  Exploring the March 2000 Current Population Survey."

Other Links: 1. "America’s coal heartland is in economic freefall — but only the most desperate are fleeing."
2. "Decade after being declared nation's poorest big city, 1-in-3 Clevelanders remain in poverty."
3. "Misunderstanding Residential Segregation."
4. "Retail Redlining Is Reshaping Communities."

Postscript: Why the poorest staying where the jobs aren't is ironic:

But since 2005, more people have been leaving Vermont than moving here from other states, an average of about 1,000 each year. When people vote with their feet, they are saying something about the desirability of a state.

Those people are saying that despite its many attractions, Vermont is not a popular place for people to live and work. If it was, net migration would be positive, not negative. ...

... The out-migration of people tells us something about opportunities, the attractiveness of the state to people, its desirability as a place to live, and its overall quality of life. As people weigh all those factors, more have decided to leave Vermont than to come live here.

The popular perception of why people move is at odds with who moves and where they go. Furthermore, net migration is a function of coming and going. Who is moving to Vermont and why? To me, that's the more pressing question. No one asks because we believe place-failure causes migration. It doesn't.

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